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Live auction - bry_902127 - LOUIS XIV "THE SUN KING" Double louis d'or aux quatre L 1699 Paris

LOUIS XIV  THE SUN KING  Double louis d or aux quatre L 1699 Paris AU55
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2024/06/04 14:00:00
种类 Double louis d'or aux quatre L
日期: 1699 Fn
铸币厂名称/城市 Paris
铸币数量 22785
材质 gold
纯度、成色(用角密度) 917 ‰
直径 29 mm
模子方针 6 h.
重量 13,44 g.
侧面 cordonnée
稀少度 R2
slab PCGS
Ce double louis est frappé sur un flan assez large et régulier. Les reliefs sont assez bien venus au niveau de la tête du roi mais sont un peu plus faibles au niveaux des reliefs les plus hauts. D’infimes rayures superficielles
出版目录中的项代码 :
Monnaie sous coque PCGS AU55, n° 349853.55/47408852


正面的文字 LVD. XIIII. D. G (SOLEIL) - FR. ET. NAV. REX (MM).
正面的说明书 Tête âgée de Louis XIV à droite, lauré avec une grande perruque ; au-dessous 1699.
正面的翻译 (Louis XIV, par la grâce de Dieu, roi de France et de Navarre).


背面的文字 CHRS - REGN - VINC - IMP (MM).
背面的说明书 Croix formée de quatre lis couronnés, cantonnée de quatre L, avec lettre d'atelier dans un cercle en cœur.
背面的翻译 (Le Christ règne, vainc et commande).


D’après nos recherches en archives, 22.785 doubles louis furent frappés en 1699 à Paris. Ces monnaies ont été mises en circulation suite à 10 délivrances du 10 avril au 31 décembre 1699. Pour cete production, 52 doubles louis ont été mis en boîte.




The reign of Louis XIV is the longest and most glorious in the history of France. Son of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, born September 5, 1638, the third Bourbon king ascended the throne in 1643 and remained there for seventy-three years. He died on September 1, 1715, aged seventy-seven.. Between 1643 and 1661, under the regency of Anne of Austria and the ministry of Cardinal Mazarin, absolutism was built through combat: internal struggle against the Fronde, external struggle against Spain. The personal reign of Louis XIV began in 1661, when the young king decided to "govern by himself".. The absolute monarchy then reached its peak, the king being surrounded by a team of exceptional ministers: Le Tellier, Louvois, Colbert, Seignelay. This prosperous period ended during the 1680s, with the first setbacks, the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685), the end of the great external successes and the gradual disappearance of the entourage of the first years (Colbert died in 1683 , Le Tellier in 1685, Seignelay in 1690, Louvois in 1691). The third and last part of the reign, between 1685 and 1715, is more difficult. The aging king finds no such collaborators. Glorious, this reign was first a warlike reign. Never has France known so many wars: the Thirty Years' War, completed with the Empire in 1648, with Spain only in 1659, War of Devolution (1667-1668), War of Holland (1672-1678), war with Spain (1684), War of the League of Augsburg (1688-1697), War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713). She never knew more victories and more conquests: in 1648, the treaties of Westphalia gave her Alsace, in 1659, the peace of the Pyrenees, Artois and Roussillon; in 1668, by the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, it reached Flanders; in 1678, by the Treaty of Nijmegen, Franche-Comté. In 1681, the king annexed Strasbourg. The following decades were less happy: in 1697 (Treaty of Ryswick), France ceded Luxembourg; in 1713 and 1714 (treaties of Utrecht and Rastadt), she abandoned Acadia, a prelude to the loss of America, fifty years later. The reign of Louis XIV therefore corresponds quite exactly to the age of French preponderance in Europe: France supplanted Spain; it will soon be supplanted by England, which holds the empire of the seas and the expanses of the New World. To the glory of the victorious and conquering king is added the glory of the king administrator, legislator, protector of arts and letters. Louis XIV and his ministers gave perfection to the construction of the monarchy: the legislation was reformed, the nobility subdued, the provinces tamed, heresy overthrown, artists and writers put themselves at the service of royal power. Lex una sub uno sole: "a single law under a single sun": everything must revolve around the star-master. The whole of Europe feels the attraction and prestige of Versailles. The reality is undoubtedly less brilliant than this flattering program: the royal administration remains too small to really frame the largest and most populous kingdom in Europe; particularisms resist; the Protestants leave to enrich the enemies of France. The fact remains that it is the image of the king of glory that has imposed itself in the memories, as Louis XIV had decided and wanted it.. There lies the true triumph of this prince: for France and for Europe, for the following century and for centuries to come, for contemporaries as for posterity, he was and remains the king par excellence.. Coins and medals, which restore to us the Jupiterian profile of the great monarch, are part of this will and this success.. Louis XIV paid particular attention to them: the Grand Siècle is also a great century of numismatics.

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