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fme_412485 - PHILIP VI OF VALOIS Médaille de Raoul le Vaillant et Marie de Blois

PHILIP VI OF VALOIS Médaille de Raoul le Vaillant et Marie de Blois XF
250.00 €约 1982.50 CNY
数量
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种类 Médaille de Raoul le Vaillant et Marie de Blois
日期: 1329-1346
铸币厂名称/城市 France, Lorraine
材质 bronze
直径 47 mm
硬币制模工 DE SAINT-URBAIN Ferdinand (1654-1738)
重量 41 g.
侧面 lisse
关于品相的说明
Médaille ancienne, avec de beaux reliefs et une agréable patine d’époque

正面


正面的文字 RADVLPHVS. D. G. - DUX. LOTH. ET. MARCHIO.
正面的说明书 Buste à droite de Raoul le Vaillant.

背面


背面的文字 MARIA-BLESENSIS. - DVCSSA. LOTH. ET. MARCHIONISSA.
背面的说明书 Buste à gauche de Marie de Blois.

评论


La signature SV sous le buste au droit est pour Ferdinand de Saint Urbain. Cette médaille appartient à la suite des ducs de Lorraine, gravées par Saint-Urbain.

Ferdinand de Saint-Urbain, né à Nancy en 1654 ou 1658 et mort dans cette même ville le 10 janvier 1738, est un dessinateur, graveur et architecte lorrain ayant œuvré à Rome, à Nancy et ayant travaillé pour d'autres princes des cours d'Europe.

Raoul (ou Rodolphe) de Lorraine dit le Vaillant (né en 1320 et mort le 25 août 1346, à la bataille de Crécy), fils du duc Ferry IV de Lorraine et d'Élisabeth d'Autriche, est duc de Lorraine de 1329 à 1346. Raoul épouse en premières noces à Pont-à-Mousson en 1329 Aliénor de Bar († 1332), fille d'Édouard Ier, comte de Bar, et de Marie de Bourgogne. Veuf, il se remarie en 1334 avec Marie de Châtillon (1323 † 1363), fille de Guy Ier de Châtillon, comte de Blois et de Chartres, et de Marguerite de Valois, sœur du roi Philippe VI.

历史细节


PHILIPPE VI Valois

(01/04/1328-22/08/1350)

Born in 1293, aged 35 at his accession to the throne in May 1328, Philip was the son of Marguerite of Sicily and Charles of Valois, which we could say that he was son, brother, uncle, son- king and the king himself never. Other claims, however, rose to the crown of France, those of the house of Navarre, heir rights Jeanne, daughter of Louis X, those of Edward III, heir to the rights of his mother, Isabella of France, daughter Philip the Fair. Edward III swore homage to Philip VI at Amiens in June 1329. However, in subsequent years, the incidents multiplied. Edward's war against the King of Scotland David Bruce held some time away from the English and Philippe Guyenne, in 1336, went to Avignon. His fleet was preparing to operate in the Mediterranean. The following year turnaround: the fleet passed in the North Sea. The war seemed close. In 1337 Toussaint, the Bishop of Lincoln, Henry Burgersh, came to Paris: he announced out of the tribute paid to Amiens, the questioning of the estate of France and the declaration of war. The Netherlands sided with England, Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia, John the Blind, sided with France, Alfonso XI also. In January 1338, Flanders rebelled against Louis de Nevers and Jan van Artevelde, captain of Ghent, took the county government. The following year, the Count of Flanders took refuge in Paris. Flemings recognized Edward king. Edward III then took the title of king of France and took up arms half out of France and England. 24 June 1340, the French and English fleets met off the coast of Bruges, near the outer harbor of Sluys. The total defeat of the French gave Edward the command of the sea. A truce was concluded in Esplechin following September. The war resumed in 1345. An Island landing in Flanders was no tomorrow. In 1346, John, son of Philip, Duke of Normandy, attacked the Guyenne and besieged Aiguillon. However, in July 1346, Edward landed in Normandy Cotentin and ravaged. Philippe off in pursuit, the two armies fought at Crecy, 26 August 1346. New and complete British victory, though outnumbered. Philippe fled, many of his vassals fell on the battlefield. In 1347, Edward took Calais and established a garrison. At the same time, a complex succession war devastated Britain, where the English party had long top. Only successful reign: the acquisition of Dauphiné Viennois, assigned to the eldest son of the Duke of Normandy in 1349 by Humbert II. At his death in 1350, Philip left a kingdom and a dynasty also shaken.

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